As a woman, your reproductive health can have a significant impact on
your quality of life. We are committed to helping you address
gynaecological issues that may be limiting you from living life to the fullest.


As a woman, your reproductive health can have a significant impact on your quality of life.
We are committed to helping you address gynaecological issues that may be limiting you from living life to the fullest.

Common Gynaecology Conditions

For women facing menstrual problems or experience gynaecology-related issues, get it assessed early to widen your treatment options. Learn about some common gynaecological conditions and know what to expect when you see a gynaecologist regarding that.



Menstrual Disorders

Menstrual disorders include irregular menstrual patterns and menstrual discomfort. Most women would have menstruation on a monthly basis. Any irregular menstruation could be triggered by stress or other medical factors. It is important to note that menstrual pain should not deter you from performing your regular functions. If it does, you might need to consult a gynaecologist for an assessment.

The following are some possible causes for menstrual disorders:



Fibroids are overgrown uterine muscle tissue that have developed from the uterus. These growths can be detected through ultrasound scans. Most fibroids do not cause symptoms and may not require treatment unless the growth is persistent, causes fertility problems or abnormal bleeding.

Treatment of the uterine fibroid is dependent on the size and position of the fibroid, and the symptoms experienced. There are medications that can be used to reduce the menstrual flow and pain associated with the fibroids, or to shrink the fibroids temporarily.

Myomectomy is a surgery to remove the fibroids while preserving the uterus. This can be performed either via an open surgery or keyhole surgery (minimally-invasive).




Ovarian Cysts

A common type of ovarian cyst is one that is filled with fluid. It is formed during each menstrual cycle and usually disappears with the start of the next cycle. For patients with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), these cysts often do not rupture to release eggs, resulting in the appearance of small cysts in the ovaries upon scanning. These are generally harmless and do not cause problems unless the woman is planning to conceive.

Other ovarian cysts might cause pain and bleeding. They can be seen through ultrasound scans and if they persist or cause extreme pain, medical intervention might be needed.

Large ovarian cysts which cause pain and bleeding can be removed through surgery in an operation called cystectomy.



Endometriosis is common amongst women who have problems trying to conceive. This condition can sometimes be identified through ultrasound scans. In patients with this condition, the endometrial tissue extends beyond the womb lining and can cause unbearable menstrual cramps, blood clots in menstrual discharge or “chocolate” cysts in the ovaries.

Depending on various factors like the severity of your condition, your lifestyle and family planning considerations, you can decide on medical therapy involving oral medications or injections.

A keyhole surgery known as laparoscopy can also be done. It involves inserting a tiny camera through small incisions on the abdomen region. This allows the doctor to observe the uterus, ovaries and their surroundings.




Pelvic Inflammatory Diseases

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

One common urinary complaint is pain during urination which might be due to urinary tract infection. A consultation is advised to ascertain the cause and treatment.

Abnormal Vaginal Discharge

The neck of the womb, known as the cervix, produces mucus which is clear and white. Healthy discharge should NOT have a strong odour or unusual colour. There should NOT be any itch or soreness around the vagina as well.

It would be advisable to consult a gynaecologist if you observe any of the following changes:

Unusual colour or consistency
Strong odour
Unusual quantity
Itchiness outside the vagina
Abdominal / pelvic pain
Unexpected bleeding

Your gynaecologist will provide you with a proper diagnosis and treatment.

Lower Abdominal / Pelvic Pain

Lower abdominal / pelvic pain refers to pain experienced below the belly button. The pain could be a sudden or unexpected one (acute) or a persistent and recurrent one (chronic).

Some possible causes of the pain are:

Pelvic inflammatory disease which might be due to a bacterial infection of the womb, fallopian tubes or ovaries
Urinary tract infection
Ovarian cysts

Consult a gynaecologist to identify the cause of the pain and receive advice on treatment.

Women's Wellness Services

At Aspire Centre For Women & Fertility, we also offer a comprehensive range of services to support you in managing your wellness and staying in the pink of health.

Pelvic Ultrasound Scan

A pelvic ultrasound scan can help determine if there are any abnormalities in your womb, such as endometriosis or ovarian cysts


Colposcopy is usually done if the Pap smear results are abnormal. It is to determine if the changes observed in the cervical cells are due to vaginal infection, inflammation or other more serious issues. It is generally painless and takes only a few minutes.

Family Planning (Contraception)

Family planning helps a couple to manage their family size and life better. A wide range of contraceptive options, from birth control pills to contraceptive devices, are available to help you decide which method best suits your lifestyle and budget.

HPV Vaccination

Cervical cancer is the 9th most common cancer amongst women in Singapore. Some types of the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) can cause changes in the cervical cells and cause cancer.

Apart from a Pap smear to diagnose if there are any abnormalities in the cervical cells, it is also possible to protect yourselves with a HPV vaccination.

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